Bodybuilding these days is considered as one of the most vulnerable sports when it comes to doping; proof of it is the very long relationship between the two.
Though as early as 1900s there were already some medications in the market that could be classified as performance-enhancing drugs in that they boosted energy and vitality, it was not until Ziegler and the anabolic steroids came about that they became more prominent and controversial.
Dr. John Bosley Zielger Jr., an American physician who is constantly referred as the father of anabolic steroids. His experiments with the drugs started during the early 1950s, and his focus then was the effects of testosterone in athletic performance. He then relied on weight lifters such as John Grimek to test the drug via injection. Unfortunately virtually all his test subjects could affirm the medication’s failure.
However, he did not quit; and in fact, he started working a company known as CIBA and manufactured Dianabol, a kind of anabolic steroids that later became available in the United States before the onset of 1960.
He then tested the improved drug a whole new set of lifters, usually composed of budding ones, including Grimek, in order not to compromise the veterans’ success, and the results this time spoke of promise. This also made the medication popular among the weightlifters in York.
The Benefits of Anabolic Steroids
Anabolic steroids are one of the most controlled substances in the world, especially in the Olympics and other sporting events; and yet hundreds still prefer to take them despite the risks. This could be because they enjoy some of the drug’s well-known benefits.
Topping the list is the ability of the steroids to help them build muscles. They do not cause the buildup per se, but they speed up the synthesis of proteins, which, in turn, beef up the muscles.
The drugs also prevent the wasting away of muscles, which is known as atrophy. Atrophy is one of the reasons why bodybuilders need to train regularly to constantly stimulate the muscles. These steroids combine with the body’s organic composition, changing the way the body behaves, including the breakdown of the muscles.
Steroids are almost always used when the bodybuilders need to compete. Anabolic steroids can actually help increase the blood volume in the body to as much as 20 percent. When there are a lot of red blood cells flowing, there is also an increase in oxygen uptake, which then allows bodybuilders to develop more endurance especially during training. Physical-wise the increase in blood volume also creates the image of more defined muscles and veins, which further add to the bodybuilder’s appeal.
Famous Bodybuilders Taking Steroids
Arnold Schwarzenegger is one of the most well-known bodybuilders to have taken and confessed about steroid use. When he was in his early years, as a budding bodybuilder, he experimented on the drugs.
Popular contemporary bodybuilders such as Ronnie Coleman and Jay Cutler are also alleged steroid users, though there’s not enough literature to prove such.